What is CRISPR, exactly?

So this post is going to be a bit different but I’m so excited about CRISPR that I couldn’t resist writing about it!  I hope you find it interesting  🙂 CRISPR (clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats – I know, let’s just stick to CRISPR!)  are parts of DNA where the same code is repeated over and over… Continue reading What is CRISPR, exactly?

What happens in sepsis, exactly?

What is it? Sepsis is a life-threatening condition in which the body’s reaction to infection starts to damage its own tissues. Typical symptoms include fever, increased heart rate and breathing rate, and confusion. In severe cases sepsis can cause things like poor organ function and insufficient blood flow. In septic shock the sepsis has caused a… Continue reading What happens in sepsis, exactly?

What happens in gonorrhea, exactly?

What is it? Gonorrhea is a sexually transmitted bacterial infection. There are often no symptoms at all. Sometimes men can feel burning while urinating, pain in the testicles, or there might be discharge from the penis. Women can feel burning while urinating, pain in the pelvis, bleeding from the vagina when they are not on… Continue reading What happens in gonorrhea, exactly?

What happens in atherosclerosis, exactly?

What is it? Atherosclerosis is a condition in which plaques build up inside the arteries and cause them to harden. It’s prevalence is hard to measure, but it’s safe to say that it is extremely common. Atherosclerosis is the leading cause of cardiovascular disease, and cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death in the… Continue reading What happens in atherosclerosis, exactly?

What happens in far-sightedness, exactly?

What is it? Far-sightedness is a condition of the eye. The most common symptom is seeing only blurry images of things that are too close. These problems can in turn lead to headaches and eye strain. Things that are further away, however, are often seen as normal. Far-sightedness is most common in young children. It affects 8%… Continue reading What happens in far-sightedness, exactly?

What happens in Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease, exactly?

What is it? Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMT) is a genetic disease that causes progressive damage to the nerves that are supposed to transfer impulses between the central nervous system (the spinal cord and the brain) and the rest of the body. This leads to a loss of muscles as well as of sensation. CMT is the most… Continue reading What happens in Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease, exactly?

What happens in Zika fever, exactly?

What is it? Zika fever is an infectious disease caused by the Zika virus. Despite the extensive media coverage the disease is mostly harmless – in the majority of cases there are no symptoms at all, and when there are, they are usually mild and resolve within a week. The most common symptoms include fever,… Continue reading What happens in Zika fever, exactly?