What is it? Acne is a long-term skin disease. It is characterized by areas of skin with lots of blackheads, whiteheads and pimples. It typically appears during adolescence and it causes significant psychological stress to many teenagers, as people that age are often already self-conscious about their physical appearance and having imperfect skin doesn’t help… Continue reading What happens in acne, exactly?
What is it? Bipolar disorder is a mental disorder characterized by periods of depression and periods of mania. During the depressive periods the affected are very sad, angry, and uninterested in things they used to enjoy, and they often experience excessive guilt and hopelessness. During the manic periods the affected have an elevated or irritable mood, and… Continue reading What happens in bipolar disorder, exactly?
What is it? Fragile X syndrome (FXS) is a genetic syndrome that leads to intellectual disability. People suffering from FXS often have certain typical physical characteristics like a long face, large ears, and less muscle mass. They often suffer from learning difficulties and social anxiety, and their speech can be cluttered and nervous. Almost half of the… Continue reading What happens in fragile X syndrome, exactly?
What is it? Stuttering is a speech disorder. It is characterized by an involuntary repetition of syllables or words, and involuntary and abnormal hesitation and periods of silence before being able to speak. People who stutter in front of other people are often able to speak fluently to pets, little children, and themselves. About 1% of… Continue reading What happens in stuttering, exactly?
What is it? Anorexia nervosa is an eating disorder characterized by an obsessive relationship with weight and eating. Even though sufferers have often starved themselves to the point of severe underweight, they tend to see themselves as fat. They often weigh themselves regularly, exercise a lot, and eat only very small amounts of a very… Continue reading What happens in anorexia, exactly?
What is it? Hypochondria, also known as illness anxiety disorder, means being unreasonably anxious about being ill to the point where the anxiety negatively affects everyday life. Hypochondriacs often interpret harmless physical or psychological happenings, such as the noises sometimes produced by our intestines or heart palpitations, as a sign of a serious condition. The worries of… Continue reading What happens in hypochondria, exactly?
What is it? Depression, or major depressive disorder, is a mental disorder characterized by a persistent low mood which often leads to an inability to function normally. Depression is one of the leading causes of disability in the world. In countries like France where the rates are highest, 1 in 5 people are affected by the… Continue reading What happens in depression, exactly?